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This particular study is part of a larger research performed by VOLTiFiC which evaluated all available battery published data in the secondary battery segment (5-3220AH). The scope of data covers top 10 largest manufacturers of industrial batteries in North America and spans over 1,400 battery models. Nicad, VLA, and VRLA batteries with life designs of 2 - 20 years are evaluated. The majority of batteries are designed for stationary and standby applications with more than 75% advertised as 20 years life.