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2017


Secondary Lead Smelting as an Integral Part of Battery Manufacturing

R. A. Leiby, Jr.

Mark Bricker



Secondary lead smelting operations at East Penn’s captive smelter have been previously described by Pike (1990)1 and Leiby (1993 & 2005).2, 3 Since that time, operational changes at EPM have focused on achievement of compliance with strict environmental regulation and the recycling of all the components of spent batteries to the supply of raw materials for the manufacture of new batteries. While achieving desired sustainability, the recycling of Lead, polypropylene, and sulfuric acid directly to the battery manufacturing process allows EPM to further capitalize on the vertical integration of its Lyons, PA manufacturing campus.


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