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Lead acid batteries are often viewed as at the end of the development cycle and are being overlooked for important emerging markets, such as grid-scale storage and urban EV’s. Yet, an alternative "bipolar" architecture could offer significant performance and cost advantages over conventional monopolar designs. This paper presents an advanced bipolar lead-acid battery (B-LAB), which has been extensively validated. This technology leverages the existing lead acid production and recycling infrastructure. The performance and manufacturing economics of BLAB are examined and compared to Li-ion for stationary and light-duty urban EV’s.