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2005


A Battery Management System for Sodium-Metal Chloride Batteries Used as Standby Backup Power in Telecommunication Applications

David Shaffer

Emiliano Paolin

Giuseppe Lodi



Advanced storage batteries employing sodium-metal chloride chemistry feature characteristics and performance as compared to conventional lead acid or nickel cadmium batteries, noticeably the gravimetric and volumetric energy densities. In addition, they are ideally suited for longevity in high temperature applications. However their long term reliability and their sensitivity to deviations from the optimal operating conditiions, which might happen in a variety of float service conditions, have not been completely explored.


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