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IEEE Std. 450™-2010 and IEEE Std. 1188™-2008 amended by IEEE Std. 1188a™-2014 and other battery related standards such as NERC PRC-005 require a visual inspection of the battery. What exactly does this mean? This paper will describe a methodological approach to visual inspection of the battery and battery room that, if followed, will help the user spot potential problems. The procedure is illustrated by photographs and descriptions of actual problems experienced by the authors. The causes and effects will be discussed.