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The purpose of this paper is two fold. First, to educate and enlighten the reader regarding the fundamental theory and techniques in the measurement process. Second, to discuss the analysis methodology of data analysis. Once complete, the latter provides indicators as to the condition of the connections and points to those that are in need to corrective action. IEEE standards are discussed (Refs 1, 2, 3, 4). The paper will also examine a number of misconceptions and pitfalls the author has seen in more that fifteen years experience working with stationary batteries in UPS and telecommunications applications.