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This paper discusses the UPS battery market, new requirements of extremely high power and low cost solutions, and future battery technologies for UPS application. Different lead acid battery plate making technologies related to UPS applications are reviewed, including gravity casted and expanded metal grid plates, thin plate pure lead plates, and full border frame 3D punched plates. Optimized solutions are used to reach high rate discharging and fast charging practices. Performance benefit and cost analysis comparisons among these technologies are also discussed.