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Planning of grid-scale battery energy storage systems: Lessons learned from a 5MW hybrid battery storage project in Germany

Tjark Thien

Hendrik Axelsen

Michael Merten

Sebastian Zurmühlen

Jeanette Münderlein

Dr. Matthias Leuthold

Dr. Dirk Uwe Sauer

This paper describes planning of utility scale BESS (battery energy storage systems) based on real-life experiences of the German M5BAT research project. Different BESS applications are introduced and economic aspects, including BESS dimensioning, are described. Important aspects of technical planning, such as safety, control and integration of batteries, inverters and other equipment, such as ventilation, are discussed with respect to lead-acid, lithium-ion and sodium-nickel chloride batteries.

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